Posts By Marion Marshall

Environmental Impacts of Asphalt and other Paved, Impermeable Surfaces

Paved surfaces are considered as the most popular creation of humans as it covers large areas of land as these pavements are also known as impermeable surfaces. These impervious surfaces are asphalt or concrete which are used for making parking lots and roofs as it enables the water to run off them but not through them. There are different kinds of paved impermeable surfaces like asphalt, concrete and other surfaces that help in draining the water in a more sustainable way as it make use of rain gardens and soak ways for allowing the water so that it can soak into ground beneath. But there are a large number of environmental impacts of asphalt and other paved, impermeable surfaces as these may pose a host of problems.

permeable paver

An example of a permeable surface alternative…

There are many benefits of using permeable surfaces as it helps in reducing and managing flooding as well as other adverse impacts that are associated with the increased rainfall and runoff. But impermeable surfaces like pavements and roofs does not allow to cool and heat the landscapes as rooftops, concrete and asphalt as it can absorb the energy of the sun during day time and releases it during night. This can also lead to worsening of the heat disparity as it cans also double the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as it is due to the heat island effect. Moreover impervious surfaces are also known to have adverse effect on the water since it can prevent the water from getting soaked into the earth naturally as it lead to biological contaminants into wildlife, waterways as it also poisoning fish. Moreover the water also carries pollutants as water rushes across landscapes which might affect the water quality adversely as it can eventually lead to high amount of phosphorous and inorganic nitrogen in the water.

Therefore it is very important to rectify the Environmental impacts of asphalt and other paved, impermeable surfaces which can be done through on site management of the storm water like rain gardens that is also known as bio retention areas that are the shallow depressions in landscapes. It helps in capturing the storm water so that it can allow to gradually percolate into soil which helps in filtering out the pollutants. Hence it offers an attractive way of reducing the impact of the storm water on the environment as it can also capture the rainwater from the downspouts so that it can be used later. Even though there are many benefits of asphalt and other paved surfaces, there are many environmental impacts that need to be handled for addressing the issues in the right manner. Moreover the use of permeable pavers (through companies like is considered as the best replacement of the impermeable surfaces for use in parking lots and roofing system so that it does not pose any kind of ill effects. These impervious surfaces are also known to impact the streams and rivers which make it even more important to consider permeable surfaces for a wide variety of uses on land surfaces.

Conservation Considerations for Local Tree Removal Laws

Environmental considerations for municipal tree Removal is to benefit the surroundings around us. Planting trees is a way to give a healthy environment to the society. As we know global warming is increasing so planting more trees will help save our planet. Laws are implemented to protect already planted trees. In many states for removing an individual tree, you must get a permit. Yes, permission from government officials is required in the removal of local trees. In event of any tree found not being safe for our surrounding is removed by the government officials once the matter comes to their knowledge.

Overall the tree removal process is very easy to proceed with. The permit and permission must be required by law. If any plant planted near power supply due to catching fire the tree will be removed by the organizations providing electric power.

Conserving Plants

As you can see, trees provide the canopy and nurturing for all other plants to thrive.

As per environmental considerations more trees being planted the better it is for an environment. How we can conserve plants really comes down to preserving their environment, and more trees help us create/preserve more environmental surroundings for those plants.  But most of the time companies building homes, factories, or whatever in an area where plants are grown. They must get special permission and follow the laws in their local area. That is the only way they will be allowed to remove the trees. Otherwise, if anyone goes on with the process of removal of trees. They sure will be held responsible by the authorities, and according to the law in their local area, they will be penalized. So before taking on with removing a tree must check out with your local tree removal laws for your area.

When removing a tree an expert must be hired. Make sure you check the expert license so that if any unwanted situation takes place you are not held liable for it. Make sure that your tree expert has valid insurance for their safety so they are covered in case they get injured in the tree removal procedure.

Before removing any tree you must make sure that it really needs to be removed. So environmental consideration must be thought carefully since we need more trees to be planted not to be removed. If in your local area there is a tree on your neighbor’s property which is not safe for you and others. It must be reported to the local authorities. In case due to natural disaster, the tree is landed in your property it will neighbors responsibility to take care of the mess and pick it up. In removing a tree has an impact on the environment so it’s best to consider environment anytime the removal procedure takes place.

The Environmental considerations are highly in effect worldwide in local tree removing processes. The trees are a great way to protect the environment from being destroyed. Cutting down of trees will increase global warming and other issues related to that. With fruits, woods from trees are very useful to mankind. So, its responsibility of humans locally and globally that they should follow proper procedures. The laws for local tree removal are there for better future for us and coming generations..

No Coal Mine Disaster for the Comox Valley

Company unable to answer questions about how much water it would take to wash metallurgical coal, or where the company plans to get the water.

Home of world famous Fanny Bay oysters

About 140 bird species have been recorded at Fanny Bay. The tidal areas are visited by many waterfowl, shorebird species, bald eagles and osprey. Spring herring spawns attract sea lions to Fanny Bay on Vancouver Island. California and Steller’s sea lions come to the area around Boyle Point to feed on huge schools of herring found in Baynes Sound during the winter. The Steller sea lion has attracted considerable attention in recent decades due to significant, unexplained declines in their numbers over a large portion of their range. Steller sea lions are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. The mine would increase not only future GHG emissions by unsequestering 44 million tons of carbon over its projected operation, but if allowed, would have a massive and deleterious impact on the biodiversity and watertable of the entire region.

BCEN Call for Ban on Sour Gas and Unconventional Natural Gas Extraction

British Columbia Environmental Network Proposed Resolution

“WHEREAS extensive environmental and health damages are being caused to the Residents of Peace River Area, their animals, their water and their livelihoods by sour gas wells, pipeline malfunctions, and leaks due to the sour gas industry,

“WHEREAS extensive environmental and health damages are caused by horizontal drilling and high pressure hydrofracturing gas extraction techniques due to the contamination of water, soil and air by the toxic chemicals used in drilling and fracturing, and the naturally occurring toxic chemicals brought to the surface from deep in the ground,

“WHEREAS these environmental and human and animal health damages will have damaging economic consequences on agricultural and residential property use and value, and on farming, tourism, forestry, schools and ecological and recreational businesses,

“WHEREAS the infrastructure costs of building and repairing roads, water treatment facilities, and other public services would far exceed any economic benefit to local communities, and

“WHEREAS it is yet to be proven that the green house effects of the production and use of natural gas produced by horizontal drilling and hydrofracturing are any less than those of the production and use of coal when the life cycle emissions of natural gas production and the higher impact of methane as a green house gas are taken into account.

“Be It Resolved that the British Columbia Environmental Network calls on the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia to enact a ban on permitting sour gas wells on Peace River Farmland and on unconventional gas extraction that uses horizontal drilling and hydro-fracturing to explore, mine, or extract gas in the Province of British Columbia.”
Will Koops Hydrofrack

Stop Fracking BC

Community Initiated Solutions to BC Conflict Gravel

Friends of the Chilliwack River Valley are calling on all levels of government to boycott Conflict Gravel operations across BC. According to the Minister of State Randy Hawes, 70% of the gravel produced in BC is purchased by governments. We’re asking that these elected officials stop the purchase of gravel from pits located in communities where local residents are opposed to these operations. We’re asking that elected officials listen to their constituents and vote with their dollars.

Friends of the Chilliwack River Valley are asking communities from Texada Island to Revelstoke to demand that their MLA’s, municipality and regional representatives put an end to Conflict Gravel as a first step to resolving Conflict Mining across BC.

Proposed community initiated amendments to the BC Mines Act. This Act dates back to 1858. and is the cause of conflict throughout the province. The community proposed amendments will remove gravel from the special provisions for minerals and treat gravel more like forestry than diamonds.

Gravel mining should respect FRPA provisions for Old Growth Management Areas and Species At Risk WHA’s. This is the first crack in the old Act that we hope to continue to promote an end to Conflict Mining in BC. In conjunction with a new Mines Act BC needs to join 8 other provinces and pass a Species At Risk Act.

The draft amendments are called the Aggregate Supply Plan ASP. and are meant to counter the provinces proposed new gravel mining rules called the Aggregate Pilot Project. APP. Almost unbelievably the BC Liberals APP proposal has GREEN ZONES that will allow for open pit gravel mines that do not even require a permit.

By supporting the community initiated ASP we can stop the APP which we hope will be the last Natural Resource Extraction proposal that has does not have an environmental clause. APP provides no environmental protection.

Check out: BC Conflict Gravel Update
Read: ‘Positive alternative’ to regional gravel plan

Federal government gets extension to reply to Burns Bog lawsuit

Stop South Fraser Perimeter Road Petition
The government was given until Jan. 24, 2011 to file a statement of defence to the society’s legal action concerning the South Fraser Perimeter Road project. The government initially had a month to reply to the bog society’s lawsuit filed a few weeks ago alleging Ottawa violated a conservation covenant to protect the bog.

On Novermber 24th Burns Bog launched a lawsuit about the South Fraser Perimeter Road. This road, if built as planned, would go through two wetlands (Burns Bog and Surrey Bend Park), at least three known archaeology sites (Glenrose, St. Mungo’s and Nottingham Farm), and would cross over 100 streams and creeks.

The South Fraser Perimeter Road has been controversial from the get- go, with many people saying it is not needed. Hundreds of homes in Delta and Surrey have already been demolished for this project, let’s hope this lawsuit stops the freeway before any more damage can happen.

Nanoose Bay’s DL 33 Forest Wetlands Logging Permit Signed

Nanoose Bay “The unthinkable has happened,” said Annette Tanner, Wilderness Committee spokesperson. “By signing off the cutting permit for the endangered forest, one bureaucratic error is now being buried by a second bureaucratic error, that could see the end of one of the last stands of public Coastal Douglas-fir forests in the province.”

“The Ministry of Environment failed to identify this forest as a Coastal Douglas-fir forest (CDFmm) which meant that instead of being included in the Provincial Government’s recent Land Use Order to protect the remaining CDFmm forests on public land, as these forests are in high risk of extinction, the decision for the future of this forest was shuffled off to the Ministry of Forest for logging,” said Tanner.
“We are also alarmed that the approval for logging was granted before the Forest Practice Board’s investigation into three complaints launched by the public that address sustainability issues for that forest,” said Tanner.

DL 33 lies within the boundaries of the Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere reserve. ( www. ) The connection with the biosphere is significant. The UNESCO designated Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve is one of 15 in Canada and over 500 world wide. The mandate is to be a model of sustainability with an emphasis on the protection of biological diversity. This brings the Federal Government into the picture as they are signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity. British Columbia also signed on as a province. The province will respond that they set aside 1600 hectares but research has revealed this to be a scam with very little in the way of older forests with the potential to regenerate or protect ecological values any time soon.

The biologist reviewing the cutting plans for the RPF suggested that the block shouldn’t be cut. A biologist for the ministry of forests suggested that the block shouldn’t be cut. The Forest Practices board has problems with it being cut. The Association of Vancouver Island and Coastal Communities passed an emergency resolution asking that DL33 be spared. The Regional District of Nanaimo passed a unanimous resolution to protect DL33. The Town of Qualicum and City of Parksville, are opposed. Scott Fraser the MLA has raised DL33 in the BC legislature. This is public land and it is a total affront and a devious ploy to be making the First Nations the fall guys (faller guys) for destroying their cultural heritage.

With files from Phil Carson and Annette Tanner. For information: 250 752-6585 or cell 240-7470.

For background, go to

Wild Salmon Have Genetic Signature of Fish Farm Virus

Dangerous to human health by transmission

January 20, 2010 – Though the scientists thought pathogens were a big negative factor, more science is needed to absolutely nail these down. But it seems to be — wait for it — fish farm issues, say, sea lice, and viruses. Environmentalist Alexandra Morton has asked the commission to compel the farms to release data that they have been withholding. It is the virus situation that is the nightmare scenario: farmed Chinook salmon likely passed a salmon leukemia retrovirus to the farmed Atlantics and they infected the returning sockeye adults. This is DFO research from Dr. Kristina Miller. The sockeye managed the long swim upstream only to die prior to spawning.

Another scientist, Michael Kent, studying viral transmission, reviewed work that has shown this fast mutating bug can infect dogs, sheep and humans. This is the nightmare. Make sure you cook your Fraser sockeye well, and send a letter to Gail Shea saying: fund more of Miller’s research, toute de suite.

This is a fascinating, heavy crunching science report. If you read only one table in your investigation of this issue, let it be E-2. This table summarizes all the research for or against a possible explanation and will inform your understanding of salmon science for the rest of your fishing days: Read more

Agriculture Based Fundraiser to Help Save the Peace River Valley

An agriculture based fundraiser took place in the Peace River valley last summer along Highway 29 at Bear Flat. All proceeds from a 20 acre oat crop were donated to Peace Valley Environment Association to help in the fight to stop the proposed Site C Dam. All equipment use, input cost and land rent were donated by Ken and Arlene Boon, Nick Parsons and Ardill Ranch. Numerous people also donated funds to PVEA to support preserving local agriculture.
A total of $4,285.00 was raised, not bad considering the drought conditions. A similar project is planned for this coming season.
Photo of Nick Parsons combining. Due to large numbers of grasshoppers, the makeshift contraption on front of combine pick up is to encourage them to jump out of the way and not end up in the hopper.

The unique agricultural lands of the Peace River Valley have an enormous potential to increase BC’s food self-reliance… at least 42 vegetables can be commercially grown in the valley.

Although a recent survey indicates that 91% of British Columbians feel it is important for BC to “produce enough food so [it doesn’t] have to depend on imports from other places”, BC continues to rely on imports for approximately 50% of its food supply.

The Peace River Valley contains a substantial amount of exceptional agricultural land, especially on its lower terraces. Approximately 10% of the valley is classified as premium Class 1 agricultural land, accounting for the vast majority of Class 1 land in Northern BC. Approximately 50% of the valley is classified as Class 2 land. Much of this Class 2 land would have agricultural capabilities equivalent to Class 1 land if irrigated.

The Peace River Valley’s climate is among the best in Canada for agriculture. Less than 1% of Canada’s total land base has the Class 1 climate of the Peace River Valley. The valley contains the only Class 1 climate in Northern BC.

Approximately 5340 ha of the Peace River Valley’s land would be flooded by Site C’s reservoir, over 1000 ha of additional land would be impacted by the project’s construction site and transmission line, and additional lands would be marginalized due to sloughing. At least 60% of the land which would be flooded by Site C’s reservoir has an agricultural capability class rating of 1 and 2; and at least 74% has a rating of 1 to 3.

“BC Hydro has suppressed our top-notch agricultural resources in Northeastern BC by buying up land reserve and consequently killing off the market gardens that used to flourish in the valley,” says Project Manager and Professional Biologist Brian Churchill. “The flooding from Site C would take these amazing fields off the map and put them under water. However, if Site C is stopped, once and for all, farmers could reinvest in vegetable crops, and BC residents would have a reliable local food source that actually grows with climate change.”

Victory in the Southern Ocean for the Whales

It’s official – The Japanese whaling fleet has called it quits in the Southern Ocean. At least for this season. If they return next season the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society will be ready to resume our efforts to obstruct and disable Japanese whaling operations.

“The Nisshin Maru made a significant course change immediately after the Japanese government made it official that the whaling fleet has been recalled.” Said Captain Alex Cornelissen from the Bob Barker. “She looks like she’s going home!”

Australia Conservationists and the Australian government say they are not satisfied with Japan’s suspension of whaling in Antarctic waters and vow to continue their separate campaigns to force a permanent end to the hunt.

“Major cracks are now forming on Japan’s Policy to Slaughter Whales in the Antarctic. I think we are now witnessing the end of whaling in the southern hemisphere. Lets hope!”–Greenpeace Founder, Rod Marining

Australian Environment Minister Tony Burke said Thursday that the country would continue to pursue its case in the International Court of Justice to have whaling banned.

“This is a great victory for the whales,” said Captain Paul Watson, “but we did not do this alone. Without the support of the people of Australia and New Zealand we would not have been able to send voyages out for seven seasons from Australian and New Zealand ports. We are grateful to Senator Bob Brown and the Australian Green Party. We are very grateful to Bob Barker for giving us the ship that turned the tide in our efforts to force the Japanese fleet from these waters. We are grateful to all our shore volunteers and our supporting members. We are grateful to the Chilean Navy and the government of France for their support. It is a very happy day for people everywhere who love whales and our oceans.”